Origin: These Roman coins are called antoniniani (singular: antoninianus) by modern scholars, although their true name in ancient times is not known. They were introduced by Emperor Caracalla in 215 CE as a replacement for the denarius, despite the fact that their silver purity was much lower.
Of course, lowering the silver content of currency, a process called debasement, was not without consequence in ancient Rome. It quickly led to runaway inflation, leading the Roman government to produce even more coins with even less silver to compensate. Although the Roman antoninianus was originally minted at about 40% purity, by the 270s the coins were less than 5% silver and almost entirely made from bronze.
This was a contributing factor to the Crisis of the Third Century, a tumultuous period spanning from 235 to 284 CE that almost caused the collapse of the Roman Empire. In addition to a failing economy, the empire grappled with internal political strife, military coups, and relentless invasions from external forces. By 268 CE Rome had split into three separate states: the Gallic Empire in the west, the Palmyrene Empire in the east, and the Roman Empire proper. Chaos erupted as at least 26 different claimants to the title of emperor emerged, only ending in 284 when Diocletian reasserted the power of Rome's central government.
The coins on this listing were all issued during the mid-3rd century, when silver purity was still about 20 to 40 percent.
Each coin comes with a Certificate of Authenticity.
----- ----- -----
History Hoard relics are guaranteed authentic and have a 100% money back policy. Read more about the History Hoard Promise.
History Hoard relics are guaranteed genuine and are backed by a 100% money back policy.
Subscribe to our newsletter:
We only send emails when we add new items.
© 2023 History Hoard.