This listing is for the EXACT COIN shown in the photos!
- Ruler: Pope Clement VIII or Urban VIII (both used similar design), issued in Comtat Venaissin (France)
Year: 1592 to 1633
Size (diameter): 16mm
- Denomination: 1 patard (or 4 deniers)
- Material: Billon (silver mixed with copper or other base metal)
Design: Two crossed keys on obverse, cross on reverse
The Papal States were a collection of territories that were directly governed by the Pope from the 8th to the late 19th century. Most were located in central Italy, but one notable example of this is the Comtat Venaissin, a papal enclave located in southeastern France that was controlled by the French kings but also claimed by the Pope as part of the Papal States.
Pope Clement VIII, who reigned from 1592 to 1605, worked to maintain the power and prestige of the Catholic Church and played a major role in the politics of his time. Pope Urban VIII, who reigned from 1623 to 1644, continued the counter-reformation efforts and was known for his patronage of arts and politics. He also had a role in the Galileo Affair, in which the famous Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei was prosecuted for his support of heliocentrism.
Each includes a Certificate of Authenticity and glass top display box as shown in the listing photos.