Origin: These silver deniers were used by early crusaders during the Crusades, a series of religious wars which saw Europe attempt to gain control of the Holy Land. The coins were issued by the Bishops of Valence (a diocese of the Latin Church in southern France), and circulated in the short-lived European feudal states of the Levant. Each of these coins has been inspected for authenticity by expect numismatists and are guaranteed authentic.
Imagery and inscription: Obverse: Angel, +VRBS VALENTIAI. Reverse: Cross, +S APOLLI NARS.
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Artwork from the Crusader Bible, a French manuscript produced around 1240 AD.
Crusader States and Currency
Though we all know European forces inevitably lost the Crusades, they did have some short term success.
Short-lived crusader states were established in the Levant, namely the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Tripoli, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which were governed by the invading powers.
These states had their own feudal system of government, and used European style currency.
These coins, often issued by local powers like barons or bishops, had low value due to their relatively low silver content. This was especially true when compared to the gold coins used in the Islamic world.
In the end these small states were not meant to last. The era came to an end in 1291, with the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem's capital.
Your order will include:
- One silver denier of the French Bishops of Valence, used in the Levant during the early Crusades.
- Glass top leather display box
- Detail card with relevant information about the relic
- Certificate of Authenticity
History Hoard relics are guaranteed authentic and have a 100% money back policy. Read more about the History Hoard Promise.