Origin: These silver deniers were used by early crusaders during the Crusades, a series of religious wars which saw Europe attempt to gain control of the Holy Land. The coins were issued by the Bishops of Valence (a diocese of the Latin Church in southern France), and circulated in the short-lived European feudal states of the Levant. Each of these coins has been inspected for authenticity by expect numismatists and are guaranteed authentic.
Imagery and inscription: Obverse: Angel, +VRBS VALENTIAI. Reverse: Cross, +S APOLLI NARS.
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Artwork from the Crusader Bible, a French manuscript produced around 1240 AD.
Crusader States and Currency
Though we all know European forces inevitably lost the Crusades, they did have some short term success.
Short-lived crusader states were established in the Levant, namely the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Tripoli, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which were governed by the invading powers.
These states had their own feudal system of government, and used European style currency.
These coins, often issued by local powers like barons or bishops, had low value due to their relatively low silver content. This was especially true when compared to the gold coins used in the Islamic world.
In the end these small states were not meant to last. The era came to an end in 1291, with the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem's capital.
Your order will include:
- One silver denier of the French Bishops of Valence, used in the Levant during the early Crusades.
- Glass top leather display box
- Detail card with relevant information about the relic
- Certificate of Authenticity
History Hoard relics are guaranteed authentic and have a 100% money back policy. Read more about the History Hoard Promise.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Your Certificate of Authenticity is more than just a piece of paper—it's a promise to you.
When you buy from History Hoard, you can rest assured that each of your new relics has been thoroughly inspected under the careful eyes of an antiquities specialist. Only items that are 100% certain to be authentic get sent to our customers.
Plus, we take great care to source our relics from only vetted antiquities experts, who are also committed to providing genuine and ethically sourced relics.
Check out this video to see the most basic things we look for when authenticating coins:
To read more about our promise to you, click here.
Actually, many relics are able to be owned by anyone.
Typically, museums only want to display items that are either very rare or incredibly well preserved. This leaves many items that don't make the cut, and these are able to be owned by individuals.
While the items we sell aren't "museum grade," they still carry with them the same amount of history and uniqueness. Each relic was still hand made by a person, hundreds or even thousands of years ago.
One of our core values is not to damage or alter any of the artifacts we sell.
History needs to be preserved—after all, there is a limited amount of it that survives—but it is also something to be shared with the masses. For this reason, we put our relics in sturdy display cases that are safe to handle, but are mindful that someday the relic may need to be taken out again.
No glue or resin holds the items in place. Instead, we're developed our own method for holding the relics securely in their displays using pressure alone. In fact, any of our relics can be removed in their original condition by simply opening the display case.
You can find our complete FAQ section here.